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Tuesday, December 13, 2011

Metastable Graphane hydrogen systems as a cold fusion catalyst

Background: Graphane has a phase transition from semiconductor to metallic. Light atomic hydrogen has ordered, metallic phases.

The system:  The reaction vessel is a cavity containing enriched nickel nanotubes and graphane platelets. The cavity is pressurized with light hydrogen gas.  Electrons migrate from the nickel to the hydrogen and graphane platelets. The hydrogen and graphane platelets are swept into the magnetic nanotubes.   

Destabilizing graphane: Many factors contribute to destabilizing graphane.
  • 1.       The excess negative charge on the platelet tends to pull it apart. Moving through the magnetic field inside the nanotube is also a factor.
  • 2.       The temperature and pressure are increased to near the annealing point of graphane. Orbitals may switch back and forth between sp3 and sp2. The charge carriers may switch to Dirac fermions.  The shape of the molecule changes.
  • 3.       Energy may be applied to resonate with the graphane platelets. This may build up until the hydrogen atoms are coherently released.
  • 4.       Quantum effects bunch up the platelets and hydrogen.

Principle conjecture: The quantum effect and the multiple types of oscillation induce a local phase changes in the hydrogen. The resulting ordered metallic phase of hydrogen enhances the probability of forming helium-3 while releasing a proton and energy. These trigger the transmutation of the surrounding enriched nickel and the usual observed effects of cold fusion.

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